Ears: signs of ear infection (pain, tenderness, redness, swelling, "yeasty" smell, and discharge); mites.
Mouth: signs of periodontal disease in teeth and gums; bad breath.
Lymph nodes and thyroid glands: any irregularities or changes in size.
Heart: weak or abnormal heart sounds; an abnormally fast or slow rate; irregular beats.
Lungs: wheezing, crackling, or other abnormal lung sounds.
Abdomen: any irregularities in the margins of the liver, spleen, kidneys, and bladder; masses or tumors; thickened intestines.
Legs: limited range of motion in all limbs; signs of pain or discomfort; grinding sound in joints.
Coat, skin and nails: poor overall quality of coat, lumps and bumps; rashes; areas of hair loss or excessive dander; matted or saliva-stained fur; fleas or ticks; callouses; overgrown or ingrown toenails; dehydration.
Base of tail: any abscesses; abnormalities in anal glands; fecal mats; evidence of soft stools; growths; parasites, like tapeworm segments and flea dirt.